Initial Emergency Action
- Rescue persons from immediate danger/within the vicinity of the fire, if safe to do so.
- Raise the alarm, if not already sounding, using installed devices such as a ‘break glass alarm’ or yelling “Fire…Fire…Fire” if no other device available.
- Contain the smoke and fire by closing doors and windows upon exit of rooms/building, if safe to do so.
- Evacuate yourself and others within the immediate area through the closest exit.
If a fire has been discovered, the Chief Warden must:
- Evacuate the area in alarm immediately (if this is not already underway)
- Commence orderly evacuation of entire building
- Confirm Emergency Services are attending site – Dial 000
- Meet the Emergency Service on their arrival and inform them of the situation, type of incident (if known), status of the building and the location of any impaired or other persons requiring assistance
- Communicate “Code Red – All Clear” upon the advice of Emergency Services
If no fire is found, the Chief Warden must:
- After liaising with the Emergency Service notify all occupants of the building that it is a false alarm
- Remove persons from imminent danger and keep others away, if safe to do so
- Assist in the orderly evacuation of occupants by giving clear instructions to building occupants to leave the building immediately through the nearest exit and go to Assembly point A (or Assembly point B if required)
- If safe to do so, perform a thorough check of your area (including toilets and all rooms) and inform the Chief Warden if any persons are unaccounted for
- Remain at the Assembly Area unless given further instructions from the Chief Warden or Emergency Services
Moving in Smoke
- If you are trapped in a fire you may need to move through smoke. In order to avoid toxic and poisonous gases such as carbon monoxide, it is recommended to place a wet cloth in front of your mouth and nose. This will help for a short time, but the fumes can still pass through the cloth and harm you. Stay low to the ground in order to avoid the dense fumes.
- In order to keep a sense of direction, remain in touch with a point of reference, such as a wall or staircase etc. If you feel the smoke or fumes are overwhelming you, stay low and breath the air within five (5) centimetres of the floor where there is cleaner air. This could allow you enough time to escape the building and save
- If you need to move through fire or flames, wet your clothes to prevent them easily catching on fire.
After each emergency all ECO and EPC members should meet and participate in a Debrief.
- Smouldering rubbish
- Electrical fires
- Metal fires
- Gas fire
- Explosion causing smoke or fire
Prevention of fire is as important as the development of efficient means of fighting it. The ECO and all occupants should be acutely aware of the need to avoid dangerous practices and the danger to life and property in the event of fire getting out of control.
Prevention of Fire
The best way to prevent fires is to maintain a safe and hazard free premises. You can help achieve this through:
- Maintaining electrical equipment
- Maintaining a no smoking policy
- Safely storing flammable liquids in safety containers or flammable liquid storage cabinets
- Removing rubbish frequently
- Keeping fire doors and exit paths clear at all times
- Keeping access to fire fighting equipment clear at all times
- Keeping fire exit stairwell doors closed at all times
- Being aware of the types and locations of all fire fighting equipment within your area
- Ensuring safe work procedures are followed if completing hot work such as welding
- Maintaining free air flow around radiators or air vents on electrical equipment
- If a fire does occur, raising the alarm quickly and acting upon instructions quickly will help ensure the safety of all and prevent a small fire from becoming a large and life threatening one