An external incident/emergency caused by natural disasters & man-made disasters, bushfire, earthquake, flooding, major road accident, aircraft crash, civil disturbance/riot, sabotage, act of terrorism, etc.

Code Brown is very similar to a code yellow emergency but is located off the premises. A code brown tells us that the offsite emergency may/will impact our campus in some way.

Emergency Action

  • Assess the situation
  • Raise the alarm
  • Explain what sort of emergency it is and how it will affect us
  • Consider action depending on the type of incident
    • For large chemical spills or gas main leaks, evacuate upwind at least 100 metres
    • Shelter-in-place may be more appropriate than evacuation if the threat is related to terrorism, dangerous or aggressive people, or floods where the building is on higher ground
  • Follow instructions given by the Chief Warden or other members of the ECO
  • Follow the standard procedures for that type of emergency


After each emergency all ECO and EPC members shall meet and participate in a Debrief.

More Information

Types of Emergencies


  • Aircraft crash
  • Truck crashing into a building
  • Fire and smoke (car fires, other buildings, bushfire, etc.)
  • Dangerous gas clouds
  • Terrorism incident
  • Dangerous or aggressive people
Terrorism in Australia

The threat of terrorism in Australia remains high. In particular there are regional networks that continue to evolve, adapting to the emergence of new technologies, opportunities and the counterterrorism policies and operations of governments.

Australia’s enduring national counter-terrorism aim is to protect Australians and Australian interests. The Australian Government seeks to achieve this by:

  • Working with state, territory and local governments, businesses and the community to build an effect nation-wide counter-terrorism capability.
  • Contributing to regional and wider international counter-terrorism efforts.

Some of the best people to spot things that are out of the ordinary in the building are those who are there every day. As we go about our daily lives, we can keep an eye out for anything that may seem unusual or suspicious. Whether or not something is suspicious can depend on the circumstances. Look at the situation as a whole. If it doesn’t add up, a warden should call the 24-hour National Security Hotline on 1800 1234 00.

National Terrorism Threat Level

The National Terrorism Threat Level is a scale of five levels (see table below) that tells the public about the likelihood of an act of terrorism occurring in Australia. Whenever the Government makes a change to the National Terrorism Threat Level it will explain why there is a change. The National Terrorism Threat Advisory System will inform Australians about the likelihood of an act of terrorism occurring in Australia and enable authorities, businesses and individuals to take appropriate measures for their own safety and security as well as that of their family, friends and associates.

The National Terrorism Threat Level also provides an indicator to government agencies enabling them to respond appropriately with national threat preparedness and response planning. This ensures that an appropriate level of precaution and vigilance is maintained to minimise the threat of a terrorist incident.



Due to Australia’s climate and geography, bushfires are real and present danger. Bushfires comprise of both grass and forest fires. Fires can occur at any time of the year, but the most common time is during Summer and Autumn. See the below infographic from the Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) that demonstrates the bushfire danger times:

When planning your emergency response to bushfires, consider the following:

  • Bushfire danger seasons
  • If your building is located in a bushfire prone area (go to and tick the bushfire layer – all bushfire prone areas will be coloured in brown)
  • Even if your building is not in the bushfire prone area, you still need to plan ahead if you live near areas that have significant bush, forest, long grass, or coastal scrub
  • Know your daily Fire Danger Rating

Before the start of bushfire season, do the following:

  • Check your property is as safe as possible in that:
    • Smoke alarms are working
    • Trees are trimmed and lower branches are pruned
    • Roof and gutters are clear of debris
    • All trees and branches are at least 2 meters away from your house
    • Gaps under the floor space and in the attic are blocked to prevent sparks from entering the building
    • All windows and other building entrances (such as evaporative air-conditioning systems) have metal fly screens installed
    • Powerlines are clear of branches and trees
    • The grounds are as tidy as possible – with firewood and gas bottles being stored away from the building, with the gas bottle pressure relief valves pointing away from the building

Have a written and clear bushfire plan

  • The Country Fire Authority of Victoria recommends that at a minimum the plan should include:
    • How you will monitor weather conditions and know the Fire Danger Rating (FDR) in your area
    • The Fire Danger Rating that is going to be the trigger to leave or cancel any meetings or gatherings on the premises
    • Where you will go
    • The route you will take
    • What you will do before you leave
    • When it is safe to return to the premises
  • Visit: for more information and for a Bushfire Plan you can fill in and add to the Emergency Response Plan.
  • Remember, the safest option to protect people is to leave early. This can avoid panic, being trapped, making the wrong choices or risking serious injury or death.
Fire Danger Rating

The Fire Danger Rating tells you how dangerous a fire would be on a particular day if one started. It helps you to assess the correct response and to know when to implement your bushfire survival plan.

Further information can be found at: